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Symptoms of COVID-19

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough.
Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore
throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually.

Coronavirus (COVID‑19) look like bump

How likely am I to catch COVID-19?

The risk depends on where you  are – and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19
outbreak unfolding there.

For most people in most locations the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. However,
there are now places around the world (cities or areas) where the disease is spreading.
For people living in, or visiting, these areas the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher.

Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time a new case
of COVID-19 is identified. Be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel,
movement or large gatherings. Cooperating with disease control efforts will reduce
your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19.

COVID-19 outbreaks can be contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown
in China and some other countries. Unfortunately, new outbreaks can emerge rapidly.
It’s important to be aware of the situation where you are or intend to go. WHO publishes
daily updates on the COVID-19 situation worldwide.

catch-COVID-19 at street

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease?

Protection measures for everyone

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO
website and through your national and local public health authority. Many countries
around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks.
Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping
their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.

steps to protect yourself from corona-virus

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking  some simple precautions

  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash
    them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using
    alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is
    coughing or sneezing. Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small
    liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close,
    you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing
    has the disease.

Stay at home

  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
    Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands
    can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your
    body and can make you sick.
  • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means
    covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.
    Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
    Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people
    around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

Stay at home

  • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek
    medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
    Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation
    in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to
    the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and
    other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is
    spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places  – especially if you are an older
    person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
    Why? You have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.
Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days)areas where COVID-19 is spreading

Follow the guidance outlined above (Protection measures for everyone) Self-isolate
by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache,
low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. If it is essential
for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food,

then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people. Why? Avoiding contact with others
and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively
and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this
may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell
your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance
will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility.
This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.


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